|Seven Instructional Strategies Every Teacher Needs to Know, Part 3: Combining Words and Graphics|
|posted by: Alana | June 08, 2016, 10:12 PM|
We’re continuing today with our series on essential teaching strategies. These strategies are research identified, simple to implement, flexible across age groups and subject areas, and intensely powerful. You can see the previous strategies that we’ve covered on our blog here and here.
The strategy that we’re adding today may seem like it’s an obvious one. It’s one that almost all teachers already implement to some extent, but as with our other strategies, a little more tweaking can take what is good practice and make it great practice. What we want to make great today is pairing words with graphics. Teachers have known to use pie cut-outs for fractions and number lines in math for years, while science teachers will often use tables and diagrams, and teachers of all stripes have used humorous comics to emphasize certain points.
Research shows that using a text description matched with an appropriate graphic, such as a chart, diagram, table, or even a comic-like sequence of pictures can help with both comprehension and retention. These learning gains can be magnified even more if the way that graphics are used gets slightly tweaked.
The Institute of Education Studies recommends the following for using graphics efficiently in classrooms: